Month: September 2014

Epidemiology Femoroacetabular impingement Femoro-acetabular impingement FAI also known as hip impingement is characterized by excessive contact between the proximal part of the femur and acetabulum.12 A difference can be made between two different types. The so-called Cam and Pincher impingement. …

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 Epidemiology hip fracture Hip fracture Incidence For women, the incidence of hipfracturesincreased fromtwo per1,000 for65-69year oldsto 28per 1,000for womenaged 85 andolder. For men in the same age groups, the incidence increased from one to 16 per 1,000.1,2 The incidence in …

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Ankle impingement syndromes Ankle impingement syndromes are pathologic conditions which can result in chronic, painful restriction to movement at the tibiotalar articulation secondary to soft-tissue or osseous abnormalities.1 Ankle impingement, typically secondary to an ankle sprain, is classified according to …

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Epidemiology Epicondylitis lateralis Epicondylitis lateralis humeri Humerus lateral epicondylitis is also known as the tennis elbow. Lateral versus medial epicondylitis: Lateral is to six times more common (6:1) than medial epicondylitis.20 Epicondylitis lateralis humeri is caused by an overload of …

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Epidemiology Bursitis trochanterica “greater trochanteric pain syndrome” bursitis trochanterica Trochanteric bursitis represents the clinical syndrome of bursitis of the hip.1,9 Incidence In primary care settings, the incidence of greater trochanteric pain is reported to be around 1.8 patients per 1000 …

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Treatment Plantar fasciitis (Heel pain) The mainstay physical therapy for plantar fasciitis is stretching.1 Many authors advise against considering surgical referral and intervention until a minimum of 6-9 months of comprehensive nonsurgical treatment has been completed. There are a number …

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Epidemiology Plantar fasciitis (Heel pain) Plantar fasciitis Plantar fasciitis is an overload injury.1 Frequent load of the fascia can lead to micro failures which can eventually lead to inflammation and degeneration of the connective tissue in the fascia of the …

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Information Core stability Definition of core stability Core stability is the ability to control the position and movement of the central portion of the body.1 Introduction Core stability training has become a popular fitness trend that has begun to be …

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Epidemiology Upper Crossed Syndrome Upper Crossed Syndrome Tightness of the upper trapezius, pectoralis major, and levator scapulae and weakness of the rhomboids, serratus anterior, middle and lower trapezius, and the deep neck flexors, especially the scalene muscles.1 Incidence Population studies …

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Epidemiology about a rupture / tear of  the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) PCL rupture tear / rupture PCL injuries are relatively rare, accounting for only 5 to 10% of all knee ligament injuries Incidence: The incidence of PCL injuries is …

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